Skip to main content

FWLD 444 - Wildlife Science: Citing Sources

JWM Citation Guidelines

Formatting Models

Your Research Paper assignment requires that you use the Journal of Wildlife Management as a model for style, subheadings, and literature citation format. The link below will take you to issues of this journal so you can find examples to follow.

Help with Paraphrasing

These two excellent tutorials from other universities allow you to test your understanding of how to properly paraphrase sources.

Annotated Bibliographies

Why Citation Matters

Citing is how you give credit to the sources you have used in your paper and avoid plagiarism. It allows other scholars (and your professor) to find those sources and verify your research.

A Citation style is a collection of guidelines used to make sure written papers follow a clear and consistent format. Some common elements of citation style are: headings, punctuation, presentation of numbers and statistics, construction of tables and figures and citation of references (Source: Official APA Website )

Always consult with your instructor to determine what citation style is required for your particular course.


When writing a paper, you MUST identify the source of any

  • quotation
  • facts
  • idea or opinion that is not your own

As you research, keep a good record of all the sources you use and where your information comes from. One of the most effective ways to avoid plagiarism is to summarize in your own words as you take notes, rather than copy whole selections word for word.